(Solution Document) Thomas Hobbes a.


  1. 1.  Thomas Hobbes

    a.

     believed that because man was by nature selfish,  laws were needed to safeguard one's life and property; he suggested an absolute monarchy, but felt that if the government did NOT guarantee your security, revolt was an option.

    b.

     believed the "natural state of man" was "nasty, brutish and short" 

    c.

     all of the above

    d.

     did not believe in a universal theory of morality

    e.

     was a materialist and did not believe man had freedom of the will

2 points   


QUESTION 2
  1. 2. Locke believed that laws can be made without the consent of the people.

    a.

     false

    b.

     true

2 points   


QUESTION 3
  1. 3. the concepts of "reason", a "positive state of nature", and "God given rights to life, liberty and property", and the "social contract theory" belong primarily to:

    a.

     Rousseau

    b.

     Mill

    c.

     Locke

    d.

     Hobbes

2 points   


QUESTION 4
  1. Emphasis on man as a "social" being; being "born free, but everywhere in chains"; the "innocent savage" -  all these concepts are associated primarily with

    a.

    Hobbes

    b.

     Marx

    c.

     Mill

    d.

     Rousseau

    e.

     Locke

2 points   


QUESTION 5
  1. The Communist manifesto

    a.

     claimed society has two main parts; an economic substructure, and a social superstructure

    b.

     all of the above

    c.

     claimed the elite exploit the "masses"

    d.

     b, c and d only

    e.

     was a catalyst for the French Revolution

    f.

    claims historical conflicts are  really class stuggles: in his time, it was the "proletariat" and the "bourgiousie"

2 points   


QUESTION 6
  1. 6. The "rule of the majority" can conflict with one's individual rights; but  the only reason for interfering with individual liberty is to prevent harm to others....these ideas are primarily associated with:

    a.

     Locke

    b.

     Hobbes

    c.

     Mill

    d.

     Marx

2 points   


QUESTION 7
  1. 7. "over himself, and his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign" is attributed to:

    a.

     Mill

    b.

     Locke

    c.

     Rousseau

    d.

    Hobbes

2 points   


QUESTION 8
  1. 9. according to CB&Z, the fundamental problem of political philosophy, according to Robert Wolff  (the anarchist, not the author of your other text....check CB&Z) is:

    a.

     the discrepancy between the "haves" and the "have nots", i.e., the class difference

    b.

     the question of civil disobedience

    c.

    e) all of the above

    d.

     the distinction between right and wrong

    e.

     the tension between the authority of government and the moral autonomy of the individual

2 points   


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