(Solution Document) Session 1 Worksheet - 30 points Nutritional Concepts 1. What are the three basic


Session 1 Worksheet ? 30 points

Nutritional Concepts

  • What are the three basic functions of foods and their nutrients?
  • What does RDA define? When was it started? How often is it revised?
What are the weaknesses of the RDA standard?Properly label the following as either a monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, Saturated, or trans-fatty acid.Margarine          Olive oil            Corn                  Coconut             Ground beef       What are the two essential fatty acids and their chemical name? Name one dietary source for them. Which one can?t be synthesized by the body?
  • What is a lipoprotein made of?  What makes it a higher density lipoprotein (HDL)?  What is its function?
  • What is the kcal/g of fat, carbohydrates, protein, and alcohol?
  • Where is bile made?  Where is it stored?  What does it do?
  • Where are chylomicrons made?  What is the purpose of them?
  • What percentage of calories are recommended for the following?

Trans-fats                

Saturated                 

All fats                     

  • What nutrient is unique to protein (not found in carbohydrates or fats)?  What is the ratio used to measure adequate protein intake to urinary excretion?
  • Compare complete and incomplete protein foods.  Give an example of two incomplete protein foods that complement each other to form a complete protein meal.
  • Explain Kwashiorkor. What are the physical symptoms?  How is it treated?
  • Explain Marasmus.  What are the physical symptoms?  How is it treated?
  • Explain phenylketonuria.  What should be avoided?
  • What are the 3 enzymes for protein digestion that are found in the stomach?  What do they do?
  • What is the role of enterokinase?  Where does it originate from?
  • Why is it important for the enzymes to be activated in the small intestine? What disease process would occur otherwise (activated too soon)?
  • Describe Galactosemia.  How is it treated?
  • Define catabolism and anabolism.
  • The two main roles of the large intestine are what?

    Session1 Worksheet ? 30 points

     







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