(Solution Document) 1. Some scientist hypothesize that the prehistoric world was mostly matriarchal


1. Some scientist hypothesize that the prehistoric world was mostly matriarchal (emphasis on women and the "earth mother") and then when civilizations began to rise and form, there was a switch to a patriarchal culture. Do you agree? Why or why not? What might the ramifications of this change create?

2. Notice that the Hebrews practiced monotheism, the belief in one and only one God. Why is this significant change from the Egyptians and the other polytheistic religions? What impact might this change have on culture?

3. Theocracy, the idea that divine power is gifted to rulers by the gods, was important in many civilizations, but especially so in Egypt. As civilizations develop, why do you think it will be important to delineate the cultures that believe that the gods give divine power to the ruler, and ones that do not?

 







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