(Solution Document) Question 1 (1 point) Questions in the field of metaethics include queries about



Question 1 (1 point)

Questions in the field of metaethics include queries about where ethics and morality originally come from.

Question 1 options:

True

False

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Question 2 (1 point)

In the matters of ethics, the actual result or the conclusion is more important than the process.

Question 2 options:

True

False

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Question 3 (1 point)

Which of the following statements holds true for the theory of cultural relativism?

Question 3 options:

It refers to the theory that the determination of the rightness of an action is directly related to the intentions of the person doing the act.

It refers to the theory that what's right and wrong only reflects what a particular person or community decides to believe at a certain moment, and little more.

It refers to the theory that one could attain a general knowledge of justice, allowing a clear resolution to every specific ethical dilemma.

It refers to the theory that individuals can live their own lives, enjoy their freedom, and pursue happiness as they see fit.

It refers to the theory that right and wrong are found in the consequences following an action, not in the action itself.

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Question 4 (1 point)

James is a very ill-mannered child. However, during Christmas time, he is at his best behavior because he believes that if he behaves well, he will get better presents during Christmas. James' behavior is an example of:

Question 4 options:

conventional behavior.

cultural relativism.

post-conventional behavior.

natural rights.

pre-conventional behavior.

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Question 5 (1 point)

Which of the following statements holds true for the term "personal business ethics"?

Question 5 options:

It refers to the general questions of ethics surrounding one?s widest and highly-variable personal feelings.

It refers to the general questions of business ethics surrounding unidentified corporations and generic individuals.

It refers to the general questions of ethics based on the adoption of universal rules.

It refers to questions of business ethics attaching to specific people in particular circumstances.

It refers to questions of business ethics based on building one?s character via virtue.

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Question 6 (1 point)

Which of the following statements holds true for the opinion held by the skeptics of ethics as a field of study?

Question 6 options:

The opinion that one could attain a general knowledge of justice, allowing a clear resolution to every specific ethical dilemma.

The opinion that individuals can live their own lives, enjoy their freedom, and pursue happiness as they see fit.

The opinion that right and wrong are found in the consequences following an action, not in the action itself.

The opinion that either there is no real right and wrong or, even if there is, one will never have much luck figuring out the difference.

The opinion that the determination of the rightness of an action is directly related to the intentions of the person doing the act.

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Question 7 (1 point)

Which of the following statements holds true for descriptive ethics?

Question 7 options:

It refers to the discussion about what ought to be done.

It refers to the ways in which moral outcomes can be achieved in specific situations.

It refers to the study of the origin and rules of ethics and morality.

It refers to the ways in which moral capacity develops and what its nature is.

It refers to the study of what people actually do and why.

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Question 8 (1 point)

A particular religious book says: "You should not take what does not belong to you without the permission of the owner." An individual who breaks this code would be termed as an outcast. This is an example of the:

Question 8 options:

cultural theory.

contractual theory.

providential theory.

divine command theory.

monotheism theory.

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Question 9 (1 point)

Which of the following statements holds true for the theory on ethics that says that the effects of an act are much more important than the act itself?

Question 9 options:

The idea that one could attain a general knowledge of justice, allowing a clear resolution to every specific ethical dilemma.

The idea that individuals can live their own lives, enjoy their freedom, and to pursue happiness as they see fit.

The idea that right and wrong are found in the consequences following an action, not in the action itself.

The idea that either there is no real right and wrong or, even if there is, one will never have much luck figuring out the difference.

The idea that the determination of the rightness of an action is directly related to the intentions of the person doing the act.

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Question 10 (1 point)

Demonstrating compassion and respect for each other is one of the guiding principles of a particular organization. This principle that is promoted by the organization serves as an example of:

Question 10 options:

values.

divine command theory.

rights.

morals.

cultural relativism.

 







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