(Solution Document) The theory that is outlined by various "crises" or conflicts that need to be resolved in different stages of life was conceptualized by...


1.The theory that is outlined by various "crises" or conflicts that need to be resolved in different stages of life was conceptualized by _____________. 

Piaget  

Erickson

Kohlberg

Freud


2. Piaget was interested in how children develop thinking about themselves and the world around them. He proposed a process of 4 stages ending with formal operations which is the ability to think abstractly. This stage is believed to be reached in _____________. 

early childhood

middle childhood

adolescence

adulthood

3. In predominantly individualist cultures, pregnancy is generally viewed as a private development. However, the text mentions a notable exception in the United States and other Western countries. What is it?  


mothers being present at childbirth

fathers being present at childbirth

siblings being present at childbirth

childbirth taking place in the home

4. Based on Kolhberg's stages of moral development, in the higher stages of reasoning, people choose social contract and then universal principles to guide their moral actions. However, in earlier stages, they make decisions in order to avoid ____________________. 


punishment for wrongdoing

praise

being noticed

being overlooked

5. During infancy, a child's personality traits are already present. This is known as a child's __________. 


uniqueness

temperament

attachment

destiny

6.The practice of cosleeping with an infant usually varies from country to country, Typically, cosleeping is _______________ by U.S. parents. 


encouraged

taught

resisted

celebrated

7. The most common cross-cultural psychological features of adulthood are maturity, responsibility and _________________________. 


Accountability

Independence

Going to college

Driving a car

 







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